GENERAL JAPANESE TERMS, MAJOR CONCEPTS AND DIRECTIONS

General TermsMajor Concepts
Budo Way of combatGo no senSeizing the initiative later; allowing your opponent to attack first so as to open up target for counter-attacks
Bunkai Application of kata techniques Ikken Hissatsu "To kill with one blow"
Do WayKarate ni sente nashi Karate does not include the first move
Embusen Floor pattern/lines of a kata Karate wa sente nari Karate is the first move
Gohon kumite Five-step sparringSen no senSeizing the initiative earlier; attacking the moment your opponent does
Ippon kumiteOne-step sparringSen sen no sen Seizing the opponents sen no sen; Attacking before your opponent attacks-a preemptive attack
Jiyyu kumite Free sparringSen Initiative
Kamae Posture Shorei (kata) Slow, strong movement, emphasizing strength
Karate Empty handsShorin (kata) Quick movement, emphasizing speed
Karate DoThe way of karateSun-dome Stopping a technique just prior to contact (three centimeters)
KaratekaPractitioner of karateZanshin Awareness; continuing mind/heart - connotes "following through" a technique while maintaining awareness
KyuRank
MaaiDistanceDirections
ObiBeltAgeRising Sokumen Side
Shotokan"House of Shoto"; "pine sea";pen name of FunakoshiGyaku Reverse Soto Outer
Hidari Left Tate Vertical
Tai-sabakiBody shiftingMae Front Tobi Jump
WazaTechnique Mawashi Round Uchi Inner
Yakusoku kumite"Promise" premeditated sparring Migi Right Ushiro Back
Otoshi Dropping Yoko Side